The Great Pyramid of Khufu, also known as the Great Pyramid of Cheops, is the largest pyramid in Egypt.
Great Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops) - Pyramids of Giza in Egypt
Pyramids at Giza in Egypt (c) Linda Garrison
The Great Pyramid has over 2 million blocks of limestone, each weighing about 2.5 tons each. Completed in about 2570 BC, this massive structure was the tallest building in the world until the 19th century. Each side of the Great Pyramid is over 750 feet long, and the structure rises almost 500 feet above the desert. The methods used to build the Great Pyramid are unknown, but seeing these massive stones stacked so precisely is amazing.
One of the most surprising facts about the pyramids at Giza is their location. Most photos make the pyramids on the Giza plateau look like they are miles from civilization, when in reality they are in a suburb of Cairo!
If you are traveling to Giza on a cruise ship shore excursion from Alexandria or Port Said, you can see the pyramids (and even go inside one of them) in just a couple of hours